Crude oil rose to $50 per barrel for the first time in six months amid an accelerated fall in U.S. crude supplies and curtailed supplies have also been curtailed in Nigeria, Venezuela and Canada.
Futures climbed as much as 1.3 percent in New York to $50.21, the highest price since 9 October 2015. Brent crude topped $50 for the first time since November earlier on Thursday.
According to U.S.-based energy agency EIA, U.S. crude production dropped for an 11th week to 8.77m barrels a day.
Crude inventories slid by 4.23 million barrels last week, exceeding an expected drop of 2 million. Stockpiles at Cushing, Oklahoma, the delivery point for WTI and the nation’s biggest oil-storage hub, fell by 649,000 barrels.
Further, The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is unlikely to set an output target when it meets June 2 as it sticks with Saudi Arabia’s strategy of squeezing out rivals, according to all but one of 27 analysts surveyed by Bloomberg.
According Kazakhstan’s energy minister Kanat Bozumbayev, a consortium led by Chevron Corp. plans on investing up to $37bn in the country’s oil fields with Chevron’s CEO John Watson having previously discussed the project with the country’s political leaders.
Investment in the project is expected to commence during 2017 and the project would add up to 24,000 jobs in the country.
Chevron is the biggest partner in the field’s operator, Tengizchevroil, with a 50% stake. Other shareholders in the operator include Exxon Mobil Corp. with a 25% stake, Kazakhstan’s state-controlled oil company Kazmunaigas owns 20% and Lukarco, a company controlled by Russia’s Lukoil, owns the remaining 5% in the operating company.
Chevron would separately announce the consortium’s final investment decision on the project in consultation with its partners.
Output at the Tengiz oil field is currently about 500,000 barrels a day. Chevron plans to increase annual production to about 760,000 barrels a day by 2021, but the company had previously delayed investments amid the crude oil price slump.
Chevron has estimated that it would spend between $17 – 22bn annually over the next two years on capital projects; down from this year’s $25 – $28bn budget for such developments.
Royal Dutch Shell Plc plans to cut 2,200 more jobs to take its tally of job cuts to 12,500 in 2016.
According to Paul Goodfellow, Shell’s vice president for the U.K. and Ireland, at least 5,000 jobs would be cut in 2016 to tackle lower crude oil prices and as a result of its acquisition of BG Group Plc earlier this year.
Shell’s adjusted net income for 1Q 2016 declined 58% to $1.6bn following the collapse in oil prices. The company acquired BG Group for $54bn in 2016 to get access to oil and natural gas reserves from Australia to Brazil. The acquisition increased Shell’s debt to $70bn as on 31 March 2016.
Mexico’s PEMEX wants to develop its offshore deep water capabilities in the Gulf of Mexico and was in discussions with Chevron, Total and ExxonMobil. The company also plans to engage with Statoil ASA to look at mutual areas of interest for jointly developing offshore capabilities.
Mexico is scheduled to auction offshore assets in the Gulf of Mexico on 5 December 2016, hoping to raise $44bn to support its economy.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia plans on issuing debt in the international markets later in 2016 to stem the sharp decline in foreign exchange reserves, following a depressed crude oil market.
A number of banks have been asked to indicate their terms on raising the sovereign debt issuance.
The size and maturity of Saudi Arabia’s first international bond has not been disclosed publicly, but according to credit analysts at two European banks, the kingdom may borrow at rates about 200 basis points above equivalent US Treasury bonds.
Previously, in April 2016, the kingdom raised a $10bn, 5-year loan from banks including JPMorgan, HSBC and Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi in a deal that was several times subscribed and allowed the government to increase the sum borrowed.
The loan is seen as a first step towards sovereign bond issuance and Saudi officials have said that the kingdom could increase debt levels from less than 7% of gross domestic product in 2015 to 50% of GDP by 2020.
Saudi Arabia’s debt plans come as falling oil prices encourage other Gulf countries, including Abu Dhabi and Oman, to turn to capital markets for funding.
Separetely, Saudi Arabia’s credit rating has been downgraded by all three big global rating agencies this year.