India’s Cabinet of Ministers gave its approval for partial abolition of the 5/20 rule, which will enable new carriers like Vistara and Air Asia to start international operations sooner.
According to analysts and bankers surveyed, India’s Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) new measure to tackle the pile of mounting bad loans in the banking system was not expected to be a game changer.
New norms pertaining to the Scheme for Sustainable Structuring of Stressed Assets do address some of the issues faced in earlier strategic debt restructuring (SDR) programs, where banks were unable to sell off the assets after taking management control of a company and converting its debt into equity.
The new scheme raised doubts on the practice of banks giving a new loan to repay an old one, also known as evergreening of loans.
According to credit rating agency ICRA, the move might help the reduce the reported level of gross non-performing loans by 30-100 basis points from the current 7.7% as on 31 March 2016, after a lag of one year (following satisfactory performance of the sustainable debt portion).
The process would commence with loans worth INR 750,000-800,000m ($11 – 12bn) would be taken up for restructuring under the new norms.
The challenge pointed out by bankers is that this scheme is only for projects that are operational. So, several projects in the power and the infrastructure space would not qualify.
Under the new scheme, banks will have to divide the existing debt of a company into ‘sustainable’ (the share which can be serviced by the company even if cash flow remains the same as now) and ‘unsustainable’. An independent oversight agency will ascertain the economic viability of a project and the resolution plan.
The resolution plan needs to ensure that the unsustainable portion of the debt should be converted into equity/redeemable cumulative optionally convertible preference shares. The scheme also limits lenders from granting any fresh moratorium on interest or principal repayment or reduction of interest rate for servicing of the sustainable debt portion.
Analysts believe that this distinction between sustainable and unsustainable debt might also lead to problems and could cause limitations as it depended on the ability of banks to segregate stressed loans and the willingness of banks to absorb haircuts on the unsustainable portion.
Unlike the earlier norms, under new rules, the promoters are allowed to have management control. This, analysts believe, would create a moral hazard as equity writeoff always precedes debt.
However, bankers do expect a smoother resolution with this as compared to the earlier SDR norms. However, its impact will have to be tested over period of time to see how effective this tool had been in tackling bad loans problems being faced by the banking industry.
Source: Business Standard
India’s Reserve Bank of India (RBI) relaxed guidelines for lenders restructuring large stressed loans, a move that could allow banks to more effectively manage bad loans.
As per RBI’s statement on Monday, lenders would be allowed to differentiate between stressed loan accounts into the following two categories.
- The sustainable debt portion that banks, or a lending syndicate, deem repayable and that the borrower would continue repaying on existing terms.
- The second is the remainder that a borrower is deemed unable to repay, which can now be converted into equity or convertible debt, giving lenders a chance to eventually recover funds if and when the borrower is able to turn around its business.
However, it should be noted that the above categories would only apply on loans of over INR 5bn ($74m) from a single bank or a syndicate, and only if a borrower’s project is already in commercial operation.
The move comes amid RBI’s deadline of March 2017 to banks to clear up their balance sheets of non-performing loans, which has swelled to about $120bn.
Soon after a bankruptcy filing by the US-based developer, several Indian companies were reported to have expressed interest in acquiring SunEdison India’s projects.
SunEdison India already operates 700 MW of renewable energy capacity, mostly in the form of solar power projects, with an additional 1.7 GW under development. The company sold 425 MW of solar projects in India to its yieldco TerraForm Global for $231m in 2015.
The company also owns wind energy projects, some of which it acquired last year from Fersa Energías Renovables.
Around 1,000 MW of solar capacity is being developed or secured by SunEdison in competitive auctions, which includes the 500 MW project SunEdison won in the Andhra Pradesh auction.
The project was among the most economical projects in India, in terms of tariff.
Apart from Adani Green Energy, Tata Power Renewable Energy is also believed to have expressed interest in acquiring SunEdison’s assets.
According to Reserve Bank of India’s Governor Raghuram Rajan, banks should refrain from taking a majority stake in planned stressed-asset funds, and prefers external investors and funds to take up that role.
His words came amid the Indian government’s plans to find ways to lower bank’s distressed debt pile of $120bn, or 11.5% of all loans.
However, bankers have said talks are on for two kinds of stressed-asset funds: one that would buy bad loans from the banks and the other that can invest in companies needing more capital.
Rajan also stressed that pricing would be a key issue for a stressed fund if it wanted to buy bad loans from the banks.
The government, as part of its plan of implementing new bankruptcy laws, is considering setting up an external panel to decide on the quantum of ‘haircuts’ taken on the bad loans, mainly due to disagreements between companies and banks at the time of transacting on such loans.
The World Bank on Tuesday cut GDP growth projections for India by up to three percentage points to 7.6-7.7% for fiscal years 2016-17 and 2017-18 despite 5 rate cuts which failed to spur corporate lending.
Previously, in January this year, India was projected to grow at 7.9% during both these years.
Despite the reduction in forecasts, India would continue to be the fastest growing major economy in the world.
However, the World Bank warned of headwinds the country could face in the next few years.
Monsoons in India would largely determine the growth of the country’s economy as rural consumption has been affected over the last couple of years by lower than expected rainfall.
Credit growth in the corporate sector has been hampered by rising stressed assets in the aviation, steel and infrastructure sectors.
However, efforts made by India to ramp up FDI in various sectors would help bring in much desired investment in manufacturing and service sectors.
The ‘Make in India’ campaign, aimed at spurring FDI, has seen investment pledges worth $45bn as of December 2015.
Source: Business Standard
India-based conglomerate Adani Group’s renewable energy subsidiary Adani Green Energy, was considering a technical partnership with bankrupt U.S. firm SunEdison Inc., as part of the its $2bn foray into the solar manufacturing business.
If successful, Adani Green Energy’s integrated solar manufacturing plant would be the first of its kind in the country. It has created a special purpose vehicle, Mundra Solar PV Ltd, to handle the project.
India currently has 14 manufacturers of solar cells producing 1212 MW of cells annually and 81 makers of solar modules who produce a total of 5620 MW. However, there were practically no manufacturers of polysilicon or polysilicon wafers, all of which is imported, due to high investments required.
In the first phase, work on which has already begun, a solar cell and module manufacturing plant was being set up by the company at a cost of INR 20,000m.
With a capacity of 1200 MW, the project is expected to be complete by December 2016, and would double the country’s cell manufacturing capacity.
In the second phase, Adani plans to expand capacity to 2000 MW and start making silicon wafers. It is in the third phase that polysilicon manufacturing would begin.
However, the company expects an offtake guarantee from the government prior to manufacturing these wafers.
For the third phase, a technical tie up would be necessary for which Adani might rope in a JV partner.
Source: Economic Times